Elk were reintroduced to Kentucky in 1997 as a restoration project by the Kentucky Department of Fish & Wildlife. From 1997 - 2003 approximately 1513 elk were transported into Kentucky. Reproduction has been very high, with approximately 90% of the adult cows producing calves. Currently, the estimated elk population in Kentucky is over 10,000 elk. The best areas for elk habitat are on reclaimed surface mines in Eastern Kentucky.